Gatka

Gatka
Country of origin

Gatka is an ancient martial art from India which focuses heavily on weapons fighting with a wooden stick, as the primary training weapon. The wooden-stick is used instead of a sword during practice. The word Gatka itself means a three-length hand-span stick.

Gatka's history

Gatka, as a martial art originated after the 14th century in Punjab, northern Pakistan. The theory and techniques are believed to be taught by Sikh Gurus and handed down by masters to the apprentice. This art of offense and self-defense is an integral part of “Sikh Shastar Vidiya,” which translated to the skills to use weapons. This martial art style was heavily employed during the Anglo-Sikh wars. Due to the wars, Gatka was banned during the British colonial rule in India, along with Neja (Javelin) and Kirpan (Sword). The intention was to prevent rebellion among its practitioner. Gatka’s practitioner has to practice the art in secrecy due to the ban. However, Sikh martial art practitioner assisted the British during the Indian rebellion in 1857, resulting in less restriction on the art after the rebellion. The technique that appears after that has changed significantly where wooden sticks are used instead of swords, and the martial art is officially referred to as Gatka. The self-defense technique was employed by the British Indian Army for hand-to-hand combat.

Gatka's technique

Gatka’s technique involves the correct use of vast hand-to-hand weapons (refer to Gatka Weapon). The foundation is called Panthra. Panthra is a simple four-step movement to train the coordination, form, and method of moving the body. This foundation is so crucial that Gatka’s practitioner often practices the steps repeatedly until the body and weapon are in unison. By perfecting Panthra, Gatka practitioner will be able to move in a fluid and flowing movement without doubt or hesitation. This is important when weapons are involved. Unlike karate or taekwondo, Gatka does not have any pattern or a specific set of movements. The practitioner will move in a flowing movement, and they will defend and attack during this movement. Usually, a drum beats will accompany Gatka’s training to develop a rhythmic pattern for the martial artist.

Gatka's weapon

In this martial art style, weapons are known as “Shastars”. Some of the typical weapon used in Gatka are as follow.

Chakar/Chakram
A small ring with 5 to 12 inches in diameter with a sharp outer edge. Chakar is thrown or hurled after being twirled around by the martial artist. Chakar can also be use like a ...
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Gurj
Gurj, also known as Gargaj, Gurj, or Indian mace is the adaptation of traditional Gada (mace). This weapon have various shapes and sizes. Gurj is usually used to destroy the opponent's defense; Armor, helmet, or ...
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Barcha
Barcha is a long-shafted spear with a hook at the spearhead. The hook is used to pull away opponent’s shield during battle. Barcha is usually used in thrusting and slashing motion by a skilled spearman.
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Dhal
Dhal is a shield that is round in diameter and varies from eight to twenty-four inches. The shape can differ from fully flat or heavily convex. Usually, there are two handles fastened to the ring ...
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Katar
Katar, also known as Katara, is a special dagger from Indian subcontinent. Katar is categorized as a push dagger with an H shape handle and two sidebars on each side to provide protection. The blade ...
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